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1st Edition of Marine Protected Areas for Whales, Dolphins and Porpoises

Claiming new exclusive economic zones (EEZs) in the world ocean

This world map shows the limits of the exclusive economic zones (EEZ) of the nations of click to view full sizethe world as of 2004, which generally extend from 12 nm (22.2 km) to 200 nm (371 km) of the coastline of every country. Some of these EEZís are due to expand over the next decade to up to 350 nm (649 km) depending on whether a country can prove that the continental shelf extends uninterrupted to this extended limit. The result is that more of the high seas will come under national jurisdiction in the future. Still, a substantial area remains on the high seas, and it will require international agreement and cooperation to designate MPAs with critical habitat protection for cetaceans using ecosystem-based management principles. Note that in the Mediterranean Sea and the Black Seas there are no EEZ claims and thus the high seas start at 12 nm (22.2 km).

Source: Adapted from Malakoff (2002) and Cook and Carleton (2001).

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