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Cetacean habitat directory for MPAs and sanctuaries

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MPA Name (English) 1st Edition: Prince Edward Island Reserve
2nd Edition: Prince Edward Islands Marine Protected Area
MPA Name (Local) 1st Edition: Prince Edward Island Reserve
2nd Edition: Prince Edward Islands Marine Protected Area
Current Status Existing

Country PRINCE EDWARD ISLANDS (South Africa)
Location • 1680mi (2700km) SE of Cape Town
Size • 1st Edition: 17 sq mi (44 sq km), includes land areas
• 2nd Edition: 69,500 sq mi (180,000 sq km)

Cetacean name
• 1st Edition: southern right whale
• 2nd Edition: southern right whale, killer whale, 8 other cetacean species
Cetacean name
• 1st Edition: Eubalaena australis
• 2nd Edition: Eubalaena australis, Orcinus orca, 8 other cetacean species
Other species • 1st Edition: southern elephant seal, subantarctic fur seal, four species of penguin, six species of seabirds in South African Red Data Book
• 2nd Edition: 5 albatross species, 14 species of petrel, substantial world populations of king, macaroni, gentoo and southern rockhopper penguins; breeding populations of southern elephant seal, subantarctic and Antarctic fur seal

Rationale 1st Edition
• Established in 1947 as a strict nature reserve (IUCN Category I) with total protection granted under the Prince Edward Islands Act and the Sea Birds and Seals Protection Act 46 of 1973.
• Degree or appropriateness of protection for right whale habitat is yet to be clarified. In 2006, the islands were being considered for World Heritage status.

2nd Edition
• Two small areas, Prince Edward and Marion islands, totalling 133mi2 (344km2), were established in 1947–1948 as strict nature reserves. In 2009, this protection was intended to be greatly expanded to include a 12nm highly protected no-take zone around the two islands and in other parts of the MPA to help protect the heavily fished Patagonian toothfish. Other zones in the MPA are less protected, but taken as a whole, the design and management plan confers a high level of protection.

Post 2nd Edition
• The South African government re-announced its intent to declare an MPA in 2009, partly in response to the country’s National Protected Area Expansion Strategy, which it adopted that year.
• Shortly afterwards a cabinet reshuffle split the government’s marine and coastal responsibilities between two departments — Fisheries and Environmental Affairs — resulting in delays as the respective mandates were worked out. After the responsibilities were resolved (Environmental Affairs will manage the MPA, including fisheries enforcement), the final stakeholder consultation process took place.
• The MPA was finally officially designated in April 2013. The MPA’s zoning system includes a no-take Sanctuary Zone covering 17,903 sq km, or roughly 10% of the MPA. (That zone, in the middle of the MPA, encompasses the two islands, Marion Island and Prince Edward Island.) The other zones feature various use restrictions, but will allow fishing for some species using certain gear types.
Management plan
Management plan web link

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