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Cetacean habitat directory for MPAs and sanctuaries

Marine region number 14 MPA number 19

MPA Name (English) Phoenix Islands Protected Area (PIPA)
MPA Name (Local) Phoenix Islands Protected Area (PIPA)
Current Status Existing

Country KIRIBATI (formerly Gilbert Islands)
Location • Phoenix Islands
Size • 158,495 sq mi (410,500 sq km)

Cetacean name
• sperm whale, spinner dolphin, bottlenose dolphin, others
Cetacean name
• Physeter macrocephalus, Stenella longirostris, Tursiops truncatus, others
Other species • unique, untouched coral reefs and bird populations

Rationale • Set up in 2008, this is one of the world’s largest MPAs and includes underwater mountains and other deep sea habitat. In 2009 a sister sanctuary relationship was established with the Papahanaumokuakea Marine National Monument (14.7) in the Northwestern Hawaiian Islands.

Post 2nd Edition
• At the World Parks Congress held in Sydney in November 2014, Kiribati and the US signed a Cooperative Agreement to coordinate and support their respective research and protection of their adjacent MPAs: the Phoenix Islands Protected Area (Kiribati) and the Pacific Remote Islands Marine National Monument (US). The combined area, known as the Phoenix Ocean Arc, covers an ocean area totalling 490,350 sq mi (1,270,000 sq km)
Management plan • Phoenix Islands Protected Area Management Plan (2010 – 2014)
Management plan web link • http://www.phoenixislands.org/technical_information.html
• http://www.phoenixislands.org/pdf/2010-2014_FINAL_PIPA_Management_Plan.pdf

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