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Cetacean habitat directory for MPAs and sanctuaries

Marine region number 14 MPA number 7

MPA Name (English) 1st Edition: Northwestern Hawaiian Islands Coral Reef Ecosystem Reserve (and proposed national marine sanctuary)
2nd Edition: Papahānaumokuākea Marine National Monument
MPA Name (Local) 1st Edition: Northwestern Hawaiian Islands Coral Reef Ecosystem Reserve (and proposed national marine sanctuary)
2nd Edition: Papahānaumokuākea Marine National Monument
Current Status Existing

Country NORTHWESTERN HAWAIIAN ISLANDS (US) (includes Midway Islands - unincorporated territory)
Location • Northwestern Hawaiian Islands
Size • 1st Edition: covers an area of 131,240 sq mi (340,000 sq km)
• 2nd Edition: 139,798 sq mi (362,075 sq km)
• Post 2nd Edition: 582,578 sq mi (1,508,870 sq km)

Cetacean name
(common)
1st Edition
• resident: spinner dolphin; bottlenose dolphin;
• seasonal or migratory: humpback whale; pantropical spotted dolphin; orca; striped dolphin; various beaked whale species

2nd Edition
• resident: spinner dolphin, bottlenose dolphin, humpback whale, pantropical spotted dolphin, killer whale, various beaked whale species
Cetacean name
(scientific)
1st Edition
• resident: Stenella longirostris; Tursiops truncatus;
• seasonal or migratory: Megaptera novaeangliae; Stenella attenuata; Orcinus orca; Stenella coeruleoalba; various beaked whale species

2nd Edition
• resident: Stenella longirostris, Tursiops truncatus, Megaptera novaeangliae, Stenella attenuata, Orcinus orca, various beaked whale species
Other species • Hawaiian monk seal, green sea turtle

Rationale 1st Edition
• Created in 2000 to protect a relatively pristine coral reef ecosystem, the reserve was made permanent in 2001 and the Reserve Operations Plan is being circulated for public comment, the reserve is currently going through a process to become a US national marine sanctuary.

2nd Edition
• Formerly called the Northwestern Hawaiian Island Coral Reef Ecosystem Reserve, in 2006 it was made a marine national monument to protect a relatively pristine coral reef ecosystem and important cetacean and fish habitat. The monument’s extensive coral reefs are home to over 7000 marine species, one quarter of which are found only in the Hawaiian Archipelago.

Post 2nd Edition
• In August 2016, the United States announced the expansion of the Papahānaumokuākea Marine National Monument to 582,578 sq mi (1,508,870 sq km).
• The expanded area, including the archipelago and its adjacent waters, is considered a sacred place for the Native Hawaiian community. It plays a significant role in Native Hawaiian creation and settlement stories, and is used to practice important activities like traditional long-distance voyaging and wayfinding. Additionally, within the monument expansion area, there are shipwrecks and downed aircraft from the Battle of Midway in World War II.
• All commercial resource extraction activities, including commercial fishing and any future mineral extraction, are prohibited in the expansion area, as they are within the boundaries of the existing monument. Non-commercial fishing, such as recreational fishing and the removal of fish and other resources for Native Hawaiian cultural practices, is allowed in the expansion area by permit, as is scientific research.
Management plan • Papahānaumokuākea Marine National Monument Management Plan (2008)
Management plan web link • http://www.papahanaumokuakea.gov/management/mp.html
• http://www.papahanaumokuakea.gov/management/mp/vol1_mmp08.pdf

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